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ApplicationFailedEvent code example

ApplicationFailedEvent executes when application is failed to start. For example if application port is already in use or any other error during start. We can use this event listener to email the error or executing any script upon failure. In this example we will try to run the application twice to generate the failed event.

SpringBootTutorialApplication

@SpringBootApplication
public class SpringBootTutorialApplication{

 public static void main(String[] args) {
  SpringApplication app = new SpringApplication(SpringBootTutorialApplication.class);
  
  //register ApplicationFailedEvent event
  app.addListeners((ApplicationFailedEvent event)->{
   System.out.println("Executing ApplicationFailedEvent...");
  });
  //start the application
  app.run(args);
 }
}

Try to run the application twice on the same port so in second attempt it will generate the error during start as one instance is already running on that port.

Output

Failed event execution statement is highlighted at the end of below output.
2019-10-26 15:59:12.523 ERROR 13982 --- [           main] org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase   : Failed to start component [Connector[HTTP/1.1-8080]]

org.apache.catalina.LifecycleException: Protocol handler start failed
 at org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector.startInternal(Connector.java:1008) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.apache.catalina.util.LifecycleBase.start(LifecycleBase.java:183) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardService.addConnector(StandardService.java:227) [tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer.addPreviouslyRemovedConnectors(TomcatWebServer.java:263) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.boot.web.embedded.tomcat.TomcatWebServer.start(TomcatWebServer.java:195) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.startWebServer(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:297) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.finishRefresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:163) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.context.support.AbstractApplicationContext.refresh(AbstractApplicationContext.java:552) [spring-context-5.1.10.RELEASE.jar:5.1.10.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.boot.web.servlet.context.ServletWebServerApplicationContext.refresh(ServletWebServerApplicationContext.java:141) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refresh(SpringApplication.java:744) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.refreshContext(SpringApplication.java:391) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at org.springframework.boot.SpringApplication.run(SpringApplication.java:312) [spring-boot-2.1.9.RELEASE.jar:2.1.9.RELEASE]
 at com.demo.SpringBootTutorialApplication.main(SpringBootTutorialApplication.java:57) [classes/:na]
Caused by: java.net.BindException: Address already in use
 at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind0(Native Method) ~[na:1.8.0_161]
 at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:433) ~[na:1.8.0_161]
 at sun.nio.ch.Net.bind(Net.java:425) ~[na:1.8.0_161]
 at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketChannelImpl.bind(ServerSocketChannelImpl.java:223) ~[na:1.8.0_161]
 at sun.nio.ch.ServerSocketAdaptor.bind(ServerSocketAdaptor.java:74) ~[na:1.8.0_161]
 at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint.initServerSocket(NioEndpoint.java:230) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint.bind(NioEndpoint.java:213) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AbstractEndpoint.bindWithCleanup(AbstractEndpoint.java:1124) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.AbstractEndpoint.start(AbstractEndpoint.java:1210) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol.start(AbstractProtocol.java:585) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 at org.apache.catalina.connector.Connector.startInternal(Connector.java:1005) ~[tomcat-embed-core-9.0.26.jar:9.0.26]
 ... 12 common frames omitted

2019-10-26 15:59:12.540  INFO 13982 --- [           main] o.apache.catalina.core.StandardService   : Stopping service [Tomcat]
2019-10-26 15:59:12.555  INFO 13982 --- [           main] ConditionEvaluationReportLoggingListener : 

Error starting ApplicationContext. To display the conditions report re-run your application with 'debug' enabled.
Executing ApplicationFailedEvent...

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