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SpringBoot - @ConditionalOnProperty example for conditional bean initialization

@ConditionalOnProperty annotation is used to check if specified property available in the environment or it matches some specific value so it can control the execution of some part of code like bean creation. It may be useful in many cases for example enable/disable service if specific property is available. Below are the attributes which can be used for property check.
  • havingValue - Provide the value which need to check against specified property otherwise it will check that value should not be false.
  • matchIfMissing - If true it will match the condition and execute the annotated code when property itself is not available in environment.
  • name - Name of the property to be tested. If you want to test single property then you can directly put the property name as string like "property.name" and if you have multiple properties to test then you can put the names like {"prop.name1","prop.name2"}
  • prefix - It can be use when you want to apply some prefix to all properties. For example in case of above properties we can mention like (prefix="prop", name={"name1","name2"}.
Below are some cases for the property value checks which I copied from Spring java documentation.
The havingValue attribute can be used to specify the value that the property should have. The table below shows when a condition matches according to the property value and the havingValue() attribute: Having values
Property ValuehavingValue=""havingValue="true"havingValue="false"havingValue="foo"
"true"yesyesnono
"false"nonoyesno
"foo"yesnonoyes

Here we will learn how to enable disable JAX-RS service basis on a property value, like enable JAX-RS service registration when that property is having true value. If property has false value then JAX-RS service registration will not happen and those REST resources will not be accessible even though our service class is present.

application.properties

Add below key/value pair to this property file.
jaxrs.enabled=false

AppConfig.java

This is our spring configuration class. Here we are creating a bean to register the JAX-RS services where we have put the @ConditionalOnProperty annotation to check the specified property and if this property is not available then Spring will not create the bean itself.
@Configuration
public class AppConfig{

    @Bean
    @ConditionalOnProperty(name="jaxrs.enabled", havingValue="true")
    public ResourceConfig jaxrsResourceConfig(){
        return new ResourceConfig().packages("com.ttj.demo.rest");
    }
}

HelloServiceClient.java

This client code will execute once application is up and ready to serve. It will test the endpoints which should be publish by our JAX-RS rest service.
@Component
public class HelloServiceClient {
    //this annotation guarantees the invocation of this method 
    //once the spring boot application is up and running 
    @EventListener(ApplicationReadyEvent.class)
    public void clientHello() throws IOException {
        Client client = ClientBuilder.newClient();
        
        Response resp = client.target("http://localhost:8080/jaxrs/")
                .path("hello")
                .path("Test user")
                .request(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
                .get();
        
        StatusType status = resp.getStatusInfo();
        
        System.out.println("Response status code: "+status.getStatusCode());
        System.out.println("Response status: "+status.getReasonPhrase());
        System.out.println(resp.readEntity(String.class));
    }
}

Output:

Below is the output for two scenarios when property is true and then when it is false.
When property has "false" value
Response status code: 404
Response status: Not Found
Response: {"timestamp":"2019-11-10T04:26:17.011+0000","status":404,"error":"Not Found","message":"No message available","path":"/jaxrs/hello/Test%20user"}
When property has "true" value
Response status code: 200
Response status: OK
Response: Hello Test user

You might be interested in my other post on Spring boot Retry example.
https://www.thetechnojournals.com/2020/02/spring-boot-retry-tutorial.html

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